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杨宇学概况
       杨宇学,1987年参加工作,本科学历,中学高级教师;
       现任江苏省苏州实验中学教科室主任、苏州高新区“高中英语名师工作室”领衔人、苏州大学外国语学院实习引导教师、苏州科技大学外国语学院英语系兼职引导教师。
 
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试题——2018年浙江高考卷
发布时间:2018-08-19 19:38:53  发布人:

 

2018年6月普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(浙江卷)
英语
选择题部分
第一部分:听力(共两节,满分30分) 
第一节(每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)
听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
1. What will James do tomorrow?
A. Watch a TV program.       B. Give a talk.          C. Write a report.
2. What can we say about the woman?
A. She's generous.            B. She's curious.        C. She's helpful.
3. When does the train leave?
A. At 6:30.                  B. At 8:30.          
   C. At 10:30.
4. How does the woman go to work?
A. By car.                   B. On foot.           
  C. By bike.
5. What's the probable relationship between the speakers?
A. Classmates.          B. Teacher and student.      C. Doctor and patient.
第二节(每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)
听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听第6段材料,回答第6至7题。
6. What does the woman reget?
A. Giving up her research.         
B. Dropping out of college.          
C. Changing her major.
7. What is the woman interested in studying now?
A. Ecology.            B. Education.             
  C. Chemistry.
听第7段材料,回答第8至9题。
8. What is the man?
A. A hotel manager.     B. A tour guide.             
C. A taxi driver.
9. What is the man doing for the woman?
A. Looking for some local foods.       
B. Showing her around the seaside.
C. Offering information about a hotel.
听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。
10. Where does the conversation probably take place?
A. In an office.         B. At home.      
 C. At a restaurant.
11. What will the speakers do tomorrow evening?
A. Go to the concert.    B. Visit a friend.             
C. Work extra hours.
12. Who is Alice going to call?
A. Mike.              B. Joan.             C. Catherine.
听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。
13.Why does the woman meet the man?
A. To look at an apartment.
B. To deliver some furniture.
C. To have a meal together.
14. What does the woman like about the carpet?
A. Its color.         B. Its design.         C. Its quality.
15. What does the man say about the kitchen?
A. It's a good size.    B. It's newly painted.    
  C. It's adequately equipped.
16. What will the woman most probably do next?
A. Go downtown.     B. Talk with her friend. 
   C. Make payment.
听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。
17. Who is the speaker probably talking to?
A. Movie fans.        B. News reporters.       
C. College students.
18. When did the speaker take English classes?
A. Before he left his hometown.
B. After he came to America.
C. When he was 15 years old.
19. How does the speaker feel about his teacher?
A. He's good.         B. He's sympathetic.   
   C. He's grateful.
20. What does the speaker mainly talk about?
A. How education shaped his life.
B. How his language skills improved.
C. How he managed his business well.
 
 
第二部分阅读理解(共两节,满分35分)
第一节(共10小题;每小题2.5分,满分25分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的ABCD四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题纸上将该项涂黑。
A
In 1812, the year Charles Dickens was born, there were 66 novels published in Britain. People had been writing novels for a century——most experts date the first novel to Robinson Crusoe in 1719, but nobody wanted to do it professionally. The steam-powered printing press was still in its early stages; the literacy(识字)rate in England was under 50%. Many works of fiction appeared without the names of the authors, often with something like “By a lady.” Novels, for the most part, were looked upon as silly, immoral or just plain bad.
In 1870, when Dickens died, the world mourned him as its first professional writer and publisher, famous and beloved, who had led an explosion in both the publication of novels and their readership and whose characters——from Oliver Twist to Tiny Tim——were held up as moral. Today Dickens’ greatness is unchallenged. Removing him from the pantheon (名人堂) of English literature would make about as much sense as the Louvre selling off the Mona Lisa.
How did Dickens get to the top? For all the feelings readers attach to stories, literature is a number game, and the best of time is extremely difficult to pass. Some 60,000 novels were published during the Victorian age, from 1837 to 1901; today a casual reader might be able to name a half-dozen of them. It's partly true that Dickens’ style of writing attracted audiences from all walks of life. It’s partly that his writings rode a wave of social, political and scientific progress. But it’s also that he rewrote the culture of literature and put himself at the center. No one will ever know what mix of talent, ambition, energy and luck made Dickens such a distinguished writer. But as the 200th anniversary of his birth approaches, it is possible——and important for our own culture——to understand how he made himself a lasting one.
21. Which of the following best describes British novels in the 18th century?
A. They were difficult to understand.      B. They were popular among the rich
C. They were see as nearly worthless      D. They were written mostly by women
22. Dickens is compared with the Mona Lisa in the text to stress______________.
A. his reputation in France              B. his interest in modern art
C. his success in publication            D. his importance in literature
23. What is the author’s purpose in writing the text?
A. To remember a great writer.          B. To introduce an English novel.
C. To encourage studies on culture.      D. To promote values of the Victorian age.
B
Steven Stein likes to follow garbage trucks. His strange habit makes sense when you consider that he’s an environmental scientist who studies how to reduce litter, including things that fall off garbage trucks as they drive down the road. What is even more interesting is that one of Stein’s jobs is defending an industry behind the plastic shopping bag.
Americans use more than 100 billion film plastic bags every year. So many end up in three branches or along highways that growing number of cities do not allow them at checkouts(收银台). The bags are prohibited in some 90 cities in California, including Los Angeles. Eyeing these headwinds, plastic-bag makers are hiring scientists like Stein to make the case that their products are not as bad for the planet as most people assume.
Among the bag makers’ arguments: many cities with bans still allow shoppers to purchase paper bags, which are easily recycled but required more energy to produce and transport. And while plastic bags may be ugly to look at, they represent a small percentage of all garbage on the ground today.
The industry has also taken aim at the product that has appeared as its replacement: reusable shopping bags. The stronger a reusable bag is, the longer its life and the more plastic-bag use it cancels out. However, longer-lasting reusable bags often require more energy to make. One study found that a cotton bag must be used at least 131 times to be better for the planet than plastic.
Environmentalists don’t dispute (质疑) these points. They hope paper bags will be banned someday too and want shoppers to use the same reusable bags for years.
24. What has Steven Stein been hired to do?
A. Help increase grocery sales.          B. Recycle the waste material.
C. Stop things falling off trucks          D. Argue for the use of plastic bags.
25. What does the word “headwinds” in paragraph 2 refer to?
A. Bans on plastic bags                B. Effects of city development
C. Headaches caused by garbage         D. Plastic bags hung in trees.
26. What is a disadvantage of reusable bags according to plastic-bag makers?
A. They are quite expensive
B. Replacing them can be difficult
C. They are less strong than plastic bags
D. Producing them requires more energy
27. What is the best title for text?
A. Plastic, Paper or Neither
B. Industry, Pollution and Environment
C. Recycle or Throw Away
D. Garbage Collection and Waste Control
C
  As cultural symbols go, the American car is quite young.The model T Ford was built at the Piquette Plant in Michigan a century ago, with the first rolling off the assembly line(装配线)on September 27,1908. Only eleven cars were produced the next month. But eventually, Henry Ford would build fifteen million of them.
  Modern America was born on the road, behind a wheel. The car shaped some of the most lasting aspects of American culture: the roadside diner, the billboard , the motel, even the hamburger. For most of the last century, the car represented what is meant to be American---going forward at high speed to find new worlds. The road movie,these are the most typical American ideas, born of abundant petrol, cheap cars and a never-ending interstate highway system, the largest public woks project in history.
  In 1928 Herbert Hoover imagined and American with  a chicken is every pot and a car in every garage. Since then, this society has moved onward, never looking back, as the car transformed America from a farm-based society into an industrial power.
 The cars that drove the American Dream have helped to create a global ecological disaster. In America the demand for oil has grown by 22 percent since 1990.
  The problems of excessive(过度的)energy consumption, climate change and population growth have been described in a book by the American writer Thomas L. Friedman. He fears the worst, but hopes for the best.
  Friedman points out that the green economy(经济) is a chance to keep American strength. The ability to design, build and export green technologies for producing clean water, clean air and healthy and abundant food is going to be the currency of power in the next century.
28. Why is hamburger mentioned in paragraph 2?
A. To explain Americans love for travelling by car.
B. To show the influence of cars on American culture.
C. To stress the popularity of fast food with Americans.
D. To praise the effectiveness of American mad system
29. What has the use of cars in America led to?
A. Decline of economy        
B. Environmental problems
C. A shortage of oil supply
D. A farm-based society
30. What is Friedmans attitude towards Americas future?
A. Ambiguous    B. Doubtful     C. Hopeful     D. Tolerant
第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
Moving into a new home in a new neighborhood is an exciting experience. Of course, you want to make sure that you become an accepted and valuable part of your new neighborhood. The easiest way to accomplish this is to make sure you conduct yourself as a good neighbor should.    31   
Perhaps one of the most important things you can do as a good neighbor is to keep your property(房产)neat, clean, and in good repair.    32   By choosing to keep the outside of the home in great shape, you will help to improve the look and feel of the area.
Second, take the overall appearance of the neighborhood seriously. When going for a walk, take along a small garbage bag.   33   This small act will let your neighbors know that you care about the area.
______34_______ If a neighbor is going to be out of the town, offer to collect mail and newspapers. If a neighbor suffers an illness, offer to do the grocery shopping. Let them know that you are there to help in any way that is acceptable, while still respecting the privacy of your neighbor.
___35___ By following the basic rules of respecting others, taking care of what belongs to you, and taking pride in the appearance of the neighborhood in general, you will quickly become a good neighbor that everyone appreciates.
A. In general, keep an eye on their property while they are gone.
B. A good neighbor is also one who likes to help out in small ways.
C. Being a good neighbor is more or less about considerate behavior.
D. Sometimes neighbors may go to the supermarket together to do shopping.
E. Should you come across waste paper thrown out of a passing car, pick it up.
F. People tend to take pride in keeping everything in their street fresh and inviting.
G. Here are a few tips to help you win over everyone in the neighborhood quickly.
 
第三部分语言运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的ABCD四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题纸上将该项涂黑。
We all have heard how time is more valuable than money, but is it __36__ to have too much time?
I   37   back in high school I spent most of my day at school since I also   38   a team sport. By the time I got home, I only had a few hours to do my homework, and I had to do it   39  .
When I got into college, things __40_ .I suddenly found myself out of class before noon time. Because of all this   41   time, there was no sense of   42   to do my school work immediately. I was performing this action of waiting until it later became a __43__. Once that happened, I just kept __45__ really late at night to get my work done.
One day I   46   a former classmate of mine who was   47   a lot of money running a sideline(副业). Since his regular job was   48  , I asked him why he just didn’t do his sideline full-time. He said without the job, he would_  49__ have too much time and would just do what I did back in   50  . He said that if he   51   the job, he would lose his   52   to work and succeed.
  So, try _ 53 _ your time with other work. This is why there is a _ 54 _ that if you want something done, ask a _ 55 _ person to do it.
36.A. trueB. fairC. strangeD. possible
37.A. rememberB. admitC. understandD. expect
38.A. watchedB. lovedC. coachedD. played
39.A. at lastB. right awayC. of courseD.as usual
40.A. happenedB. repeatedC. changedD. mattered
41.A. extraB. difficultC. valuableD. limited
42.A. dutyB. achievementC. urgencyD. direction
43.A. burdenB. reliefC. riskD. habit
44.A. pushingB. takingC. settingD. calling
45.A. hanging outB. staying up C. jogging roundD. showing off
46.A. metB. helpedC. treatedD. hired
47.A. raisingB. wastingC. demandingD. making
48.A. safeB. importantC. boringD. rewarding
49.A. luckilyB. hardlyC. hopefullyD. simply
50.A. childhoodB. collegeC. townD. business
51.A. quitB. foundC. acceptedD. kept
52.A. heartB. chanceC. driveD. way
53.A. savingB. filling upC. giving upD. trading
54.A. messageB. storyC. sayingD. fact
55.A. carefulB. busyC. reliableD. kind
 
非选择题部分
第三部分语言运用(共两节,满分45分)
第二节(共10小题:每小题1.5分,满分15分)
阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。
Few people I know seem to have much desire or time to cook. Making Chinese  56   (dish) is seen as especially troublesome. Many westerners   57   come to China cook much less than in their own countries once they realize how cheap __58__ can be to eat out. I still remember __59__(visit) a friend who’d lived here for five years and I   60   (shock) when I learned she hadn’t cooked once in all that time.
While regularly eating out seems to __61__(become) common for many young people in recent years, it’s not without a cost. The obvious one is money:eating out once or twice a week may be   62   (afford) but doing this most days adds up. There could be an even __63__ (high) cost on your health. Researchers have found that there is a direct link between the increase in food eaten outside the home and the rise in   64   (weigh) problems.
If you are not going to suffer this problem, then I suggest that the next time you go to your mum’s home__65__ dinner, get a few cooking tips from her. Cooking food can be fun. You might also begin to notice the effects not only on your health but in your pocket.
 
第四部分写作(共两节,满分40分)
第一节应用文写作(满分15分)
假定你是李华,你校英语协会招聘志愿者,接待来访的国外中学生。请你写信应聘,内容包括:
    1.口语能力;
    2.相关经验;
    3.应聘目的。
注意:
    1.词数80左右;
    2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________第二节读后续写 (满分25
阅读下面短文,根据所给情节进行读写,使之构成一个完整的故事。
It was summer, and my dad wanted to treat me to a vacation like never before. He decided to take me on a trip to the Wild West.
  We took a plane to Albuquerque, a big city in the state of New Mexico. We reached Albuquerque in the late afternoon. Uncle Paul, my dad’s friend, picked us up from the airport and drove us up to his farm in Pecos.
  His wife cooked us a delicious dinner and we got to know his sons Ryan and Kyle. My dad and I spent the night in the guestroom of the farm house listening to the frogs and water rolling down the river nearby. Very early in the morning, Uncle Paul woke us up to have breakfast. “The day starts at dawn on my farm,” he said. After breakfast, I went to help Aunt Tina feed the chickens, while my dad went with Uncle Paul to take the sheep out to graze(吃草). I was impressed to see my dad and Uncle Paul riding horse. They looked really cool.
  In the afternoon, I asked Uncle Paul if I could take a horse ride, and he said yes, as long as my dad went with me. I wasn’t going to take a horse ride by myself anyway. So, my dad and I put on our new cowboy hats, got on our horses, and headed slowly towards the mountains. “Don’t be late for supper.” Uncle Paul cried, “and keep to the track so that you don’t get lost!” “Ok!” my dad cried back. After a while Uncle Paul and his farm house were out of sight. It was so peaceful and quiet and the colors of the brown rocks, the deep green pine trees, and the late afternoon sun mixed to create a magic scene. It looked like a beautiful woven(编织的) blanket spread out upon the ground just for us.
注意:
1.所续写短文的词数应为150左右;
2.至少使用5个短文中标有下划线的关键词语;
3.续写部分分为两段,每段的开头语已为你写好;
4.续写完成后,请用下划线标出你所使用的关键词语。
Paragraph  1
 Suddenly a little rabbit jumped out in front of my horse.                     
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
  Paragraph  2
 We had no idea where we were and it was getting dark.                  
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
 
听力原文听写稿(可能有误差)
Text1
W: James, you've been watching TV for the whole evening. What's on?
M: It's a science program on the origin of the universe. I'll give a presentation on it in my class tomorrow.
Text2
M: Hello, do you have the best of Mozart?
W: Um, sorry, we've just sold out. But we can order one for you. If you give us your number, we'll call you when  the CD arrives.
Text3
W: We'd better be going now, or we will be late for the train.
M: No rush. It's 8:30 now. We still have two hours.
Text4
M: I am so tired of driving all those hours to work.
W: Yeah, I know what you mean. I used to drive two hours to work each way, but now I live within walking distance of my office. I don't even need a bike.
Text5
W: Hi, Andy, I didn't see you in Professor Smith's class yesterday. What happened?
M: Well, I had a headache, so I called him and asked for sick leave.
Text6
W: The biggest mistake I made,um, was leaving college in my last year and not completing my education. So I'm thinking of going back to school.
M: School? To study what?
W: Ecology. I'm interested in the relationship between humans and nature.
M: Cool. Is it what you studied years ago?
W: No, I majored in chemistry then.
Text7
M: Good morning, madam. I am your guide for this trip.
W: How lovely! Could you tell me about the hotel I'm going to stay up.
M: Yes, of course. The Grand Hotel opened in 1990 and it sits on the seaside along the South Coast Highway. It is the most beautiful hotel here.
W: That sounds great.
M: And there are some restaurants outside. So at dinner time you'd have a lot of choices.
W: That's really nice. I like to have some local foods while travelling. What about the scenery around it.
M: The hotel has the best views of the Pacific Ocean.
W: Oh, I think I will love this hotel.
Text8
W: Hi, Mark.
M: Hi, Alice. Nice to see you. You don't often come here.
W: I usually have fast food delivered to my office, just came here for a change today.
M: The environment here is good, clean and relatively quiet.
W: Yeah, and I heard the food is tasty. By the way, are you going to the concert tomorrow evening?
M: Yes, are you?
W: Yeah, Catherine was supposed to go with me, but she may have to work extra hours tomorrow. Do you know anyone who might like to go?
M: No, but if you like, I can ask Aunt,um, Joan might like to go.
W: Oh,yes, she is a great fan of classical music. I'll give her a ring after lunch.
Text9
W: Hi, I've only just arrived.
M: Oh, good, now here are the keys. Let's go in. There are two apartments. The one for rent is on the right. Do come in.
W: Thank you, I like the carpet. The color is nice, isn't it?
M: Yes, and this apartment is in good condition. Here is your lunch?
W: Where would we eat?
M: There is this corner here or you can use your kitchen. Come in and see.
W: The kitchen is quite small.
M: Yes, but it has everything, cooker, fridge, even a dishwasher.
W: And there are lots of cupboards.
M: Let me show you the bedrooms. This is the smaller one.
W: It's a good size, though.
M: Now come in the other bedroom. you can see the bathroom, too.
W: Yes, it is very nice, but I will have to ask my friend first and we will come together. I understand it is 500$ a month.
M: Yes, but a few blocks downtown would be much more expensive.
W: Well, thank you. I will be in touch.
Text10
Thank you very much. Thank you, Doctor, Johnson. Well, it is really great to be back at university again.The thing that I want to tell you today is this: Education is important. When I came to the US, I was only thinking about being a carpenter. But I could not read the newspaper and I could not understand the news on television or movies or anything like this. So I entered the city college to take English classes for foreigner students. I was very proud that I was going to a college because no one in my family even went to any college or to any university. You know, when you are fifteen years old in my country, you finish school and then you learn a trade(学一门手艺) and that's exactly what I did. When I was fifteen years old, I learned how to be a carpenter. A year later, I came to America. Luckily, I met a very good teacher, who encouraged me to take some math classes, business classes and history classes. And I became a full-time college student.
And today, when I look back, I'm so happy because you never know where life will take you. All of a sudden, I started making money because I was really good at math. You know, how to work out everything with math is so important. This is something that I learned when I started my own business, which is doing really well.
 
 
 
 
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