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杨宇学概况
       杨宇学,1987年参加工作,本科学历,中学高级教师;
       现任江苏省苏州实验中学教科室主任、苏州高新区“高中英语名师工作室”领衔人、苏州大学外国语学院实习引导教师、苏州科技大学外国语学院英语系兼职引导教师。
 
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语法:省略与替代
发布时间:2018-08-14 10:39:54  发布人:杨宇学

语法:省略与替代

一、完成句子

1.       —Do you know Mr. Li? 

—No, _________________(不认识)

2.       —Are you thirsty ?   

—Yes, ________________(我渴了)

3.       —Are you feeling better now? 

  _________________(好多了)

4.       — You should have thanked her before you left .  

— I ___________________(我本打算这么做), but when I was leaving I couldn’t t find her anywhere.

5.       You can do it this way _____________________(如果你想做).

6.       The boy wanted to ride his bicycle in the street, _______________(但他母亲不让.

7.       — I will be away on a business trip .Could you mind looking after my cat ?

  Not at all. I ____________________(我很愿意).

8.       He doesn’t like fish but he ___________________(但过去喜欢).

9.       — Will you go to visit the Great Wall?

  No, but ________________(希翼去).

10.   — Are you an English teacher?

  No, but ________________(希翼是).

11.   — Are you an English teacher?

  No, but ________________(曾经是).

12.   — Could you water the plants for me?

—____________________________________(我下班后浇好吗)?

13.   The only thing you have to do is ___________________(道歉)

14.   He said that he had nothing to do except __________________(耐心等待)

15.   There was nothing for Della to do but __________________________(躺在沙发上哭).

16.   He would rather die than ______________________(投降).

17.   I prefer to stay at home than _______________________(去看影片). 

18.   It is easier _______________________________(说来容易做来难)

19.   I saw her ______________________(进入房间)

20.   -- Will you be able to finish your report today?     

-- _______(我希翼能完成)

21.   --Do you suppose he is going to attend the meeting? 

--I suppose ____. (我认为他不会去)

二、单项选择:

1.       Mr. Gordon asked me to remind you of the meeting this afternoon. Don't (you) forget it!       OK, I ____.

A. won’t          B. don’t     C. will         D. do

2.       Mary, ____ here---everybody else, stay where they are.

A. come          B. comes       C. to come     D. coming

3.       Sorry, Joe. I didn’t mean to...

Don’t call me Joe. I’m Mr. Parker to you, and ___ you forget it.

A. do          B. didn’t  I        C. did         D. don’t

4.       John plays football________, if not better than, David.

A. as well       B. as well as       C. so well       D. so well as

5.       If you go to Xi’an, you’ll find the places there more magnificent than commonly________.

A. supposing     B. supposed        C. to suppose     D. suppose

6.       —What do you think made Mary so upset?

—________ her bicycle.

A. As she lost     B. Lost           C. Losing          D. Because of losing

7.       I thought her nice and honest________ I met her.

A. first time      B. for the first time     C. the first time    D. by the first time

8.       Boris has brains. In fact, I doubt whether anyone in the class has ________ IQ.  

A. a high         B. a higher          C. the higher      D. the highest

9.       —You should have thanked her before she left.

—I meant________, but when I was leaving I couldn’t find her anywhere.

A. to do          B. to              C. doing         D. doing so

10.   —Do you think it’s going to rain over the weekend?

—________.

A.I don’t believe   B.I don’t believe it   C.I believe not so   D.I believe not

11.   ________ for the free ticket,I would not have gone to the films so often.

A. If it is not      B. Were it not      C. Had it not been      D. If there were to

12.   —You ought to have given them some advice.

—________,but who cared what I asked?

A. So it was     B. So I ought to have     C. So I did     D. So I ought to

13.   —Are you a soldier?

—No, but, ______.

A. wish to         B. wish to be       C. wish       D. wish to do

14.   The research is so designed that once________ nothing can be done to change it.

A. begins         B. having begun     C. beginning   D. begun

15.   I wonder why he didn’t do as ______ to.

A. to to be told    B. tell             C. told          D. being told

16.   —Tom fell down from the ladder.I think his right leg is broken.

—Oh, I________.

A. hope not to     B. hope not         C. hope not so     D. don’t hope

17.   Your uncle seems to be a good driver; ____, I wouldn’t dare to travel in his car.

A. even so         B. even though         C. therefore          D. so 

18.   If________ the same treatment again, he’s sure to get well.

A. giving         B. give             C. given         D. being given

19.   —Aren’t you the manager

—No, and I________.

A. don’t want to   B. don’t want to be   C. don’t want be     D. don’t want

20.   While________ for the bus, I met an old friend of mine.

A. waited         B. waiting          C. wait           D. to wait

21.   I don’t like the way________ he speaks to his mother.

A. which         B. in that           C. ×            D. on which

22.   They had nothing to do but________.

A. to wait         B. waiting          C. waited        D. wait

23.   Children must be taught to act with good manners when________.

A. speaking to      B. spoken to       C. are speaking    D. spoken of

24.   —Have you cleaned the room?

—No, but________.

A. I’m           B.I am           C. I’m just going    D. I’m just going to

25.   —Do you mind my taking this seat?

—________.

A. Yes, sit down please              B. No, of course not 

C. Yes, take it please                D. No, you can’t take it

26.   ________ green, the door might look more beautiful.

A. You painted     B. If painted      C. To paint        D. Have it painted

27.   —Is the boy very sick?

—I’m afraid________.

A. it              B. this           C. so            D. that

28.   They knew her very well. They had seen him________ up from childhood.

A. grow           B. grew          C. was growing    D. to grow

29.   Rather than________ on a crowded bus, he always prefers ________ a bicycle.

A. ride; ride       B. riding; ride      C. ride; to ride     D. to ride; riding

30.   ________ it rain tomorrow,we would have to put off the visit to the Yangpu Bridge.

A. Were          B. Should          C. Would        D. Will

31.   Though________ money,his parents managed to send him to university.

A. lacked        B. lacking of        C. lacking        D. lacked in

32.   — Oh, you sounded just like a native.

—___, I still have trouble expressing myself.   (2011安徽)

A. Well, not quite     B.I don’t care   C. Yes, you’re right   D. I’m glad you like it

33.   — You can have a pet dog, but suppose you get bored with it in a few days? _____

— We won’t, we promise!  (2011安徽)

A.     Then what     B. All right      C. How come       D. So what

34.   — John, when shall we meet again, Thursday or Friday?

— _______. I’ll be off to London then.  (2012重庆)

A. Either           B. Neither        C. Both           D. None

35.   The party will be held in the garden, weather ______ .   (2012全国)

A. permitting        B. to permit          C. permitted         D. permit

36.   — Can I have a day off tomorrow, Mr. Johnson?

— ______. I can manage without you.  (2012天津)

A.    Forget it              B. I’m afraid not           C. It depends        D. Of course

37.   — Alice, why didn’t you come yesterday?

— I ______, but I had an unexpected visitor.

A. had            B. would          C. was going to       D. did

38.   — Tomorrow is a holiday. Why are you doing your homework?

— I am doing these exercises now so that I won’t have _____ on Sunday.

A. it            B. them           C. for             D. to

39.   — Shall I invite Ann to my birthday party tomorrow evening?

— Yes. It’ll be fine if you ______.

A. are          B. can            C. invite           D. do

40.   — Aren’t you the manager?

— No, and I ______.

A. don’t want to     B. don’t want to be  C. don’t want be    D. don’t want

41.   — I’ll be away on a business trip. Would you mind looking after my cat?

— Not at all. ______.

A. I’ve no time       B. I’d rather not      C. I’d like it       D. I’d be glad to

三、省略下列句中可以省略的成分

1.       What a hot day it is!

2.       How wonderful it is!

3.       Haven’t seen you for ages.

4.       Some more tea?

5.       Sounds like a good idea.

6.       Going to the supermarket?

7.       Is there anything else to say? 

8.       His suggestions made John happy, but his suggestions made Mary angry.

9.       Old McDonald gave up smoking for a while, but (he) soon returned to his old ways. 

10.   Jack will sing at the party, but I know John won't sing at the party.

11.   Someone has used my bike, but I don't know who has used it.

12.   He has gone, but no one knows where he has gone.  

13.   I'm sorry I've kept you waiting so long. 

14.   It’s important that we should speak to the old politely.

15.   The man who / whom I saw is called Smith.  

16.   Where is the book which I bought this morning? 

17.   I shall never forget the day when we first met.

18.   The reason why he came so early is his own affair. 

19.   The way that you answered the questions was admirable.

20.   While I was waiting, I was reading some magazines. 

21.   Though they were tired, they went on working. 

22.   You shouldn't come to his party unless you were invited.

23.   He did as he had been told.  

24.   He paused as if he was expecting her to speak.

25.   I know you can do better than he can do.

26.   This car doesn't run as fast as that one does.

27.   The opera house now looks better than it did when I visited it last year.

28.   Puccini wrote Turandot and he also wrote Madam Butterfly.

29.   The actor was born in 1961, and his wife was born in 1964.



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