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杨宇学概况
       杨宇学,1987年参加工作,本科学历,中学高级教师;
       现任江苏省苏州实验中学教科室主任、苏州高新区“高中英语名师工作室”领衔人、苏州大学外国语学院实习引导教师、苏州科技大学外国语学院英语系兼职引导教师。
 
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写作:图表写作引导与训练
发布时间:2018-08-14 10:37:00  发布人:杨宇学

图表作文引导与训练

 

 

 

 

写作注意事项:

图表作文主要通过饼形图(pie chart)、柱形图(bar chart)、曲线图(graph chart)(如2004北京卷、2006湖北卷)或表格(如2007广东卷)等来呈现写作内容,有时也会以文字提示加以辅助。作文内容大多涉及某些数据的前后变化对比,要求考生通过对数据的分析得出结论或发表看法。写作重在比较,先容不同成分或描述变化趋势。

写图表作文要注意以下几点:

1.审题要图文结合。审题既要分析图表以外,也要注意文字说明,要善于从文字说明中365bet手机版客户端捕捉相关信息。

2.运用时态要准确。图表反映的内容具有客观性,作文应该主要以现在时态去叙述。

3.分析数据要典型。要选择典型数据用于分析,这样得出的结论或发表的观点才具有现实意义。

4.列举要点要灵活。列举不同数据要点时的说法要灵活,可以采用如first / firstly, second / secondly, third / thirdly …之类的列举方式或多种表达方式相结合,如take the first place / come first, rank second, in the second place, next come 等。

5.常用句型要熟练。描述图表常常用到表示数据变化的词汇和句型,这些词汇和句型要记牢,如:

1)        The chart / graph shows the average number/amount of ...

2)        The chart / graph shows the number of accidents in the first four months.

3)        As is shown in the chart/As we can see from the chart/according to the chart, 如图所示;

4)        increase/grow/rise/go up/fall/decrease/go down, 快速上升/下降;

5)        almost remain the same/almost have no change, 几乎没有变化;

6)        peak at, 达到最高峰;

7)        between… and …/from…to…, ……期间;

8)        account for/make up/take up/occupy, 占多少份额

9)        . … changed a lot from…to…

10)     The number changed a lot from January to April.

11)     The number /The amount of …dropped/fell/reduced/went down by 5% /to …

The number /of private cars dropped/fell/reduced/went down by 5% .

The number /of private cars dropped/fell/reduced/went down to 3 million.

12)     The number /The amount of…grew/increased/rose/went up by5% /to…

The number of private cars increased to 3 million.

The number of private cars increased / is increasing by 5%.

13)     The number/The amount of…has increased/dropped from …in 1990 to…in 1995.

The number of serious accidents has increased from 60 in January to 80 in April.

14)     The number of … is as large as /almost the same as that in…                       

The number of serious accidents in January is as large as/ the same as that in March.

The number of the people who learn English is as large as / almost the same as that of people who learn French.

15)     A spend twice as much/many … on sth. as B

The number of serious accidents in Febraury is twice as many as that in March.

The number of serious accidents in Febraury doubles that in March.

16)     The number /The amount of… (A) doubles that of (B)

17)     The number of the people who…was ten times that of people who …

The number of the people who learn English is ten times that of people who learn French.

18)     The number /The amount of… (A) doubles that of (B)

The number of the people who learn English doubles that of people who learn French.

 

 

 

 

写作范文背诵

     某学校对中学生课余活动进行了调查,结果如下。请根据图表1提供的信息描述学生每天的课余活动,并针对图表2中任何2个数据中反映的情况写出你的看法。词数不少于150左右。(2004高考北京卷) 

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   参考范文

Recently a school has made a survey about after-class activities. The result of the survey is as follows:

Chart 1 shows the daily average amount of time the students of the school spend on different after-class activities. The students put the most time--93 minutes--into their homework, and next comes watching TV, which takes up 46 minutes. They spend about the same amount of time in listening to music and working on the computer, 34 minutes and 30 minutes each. Twenty- five minutes is spent on sports and only 12 minutes goes into housework. 

As is shown on Chart 2, I think the students have got a little too much homework everyday because up to 39% of the time is used for homework. But only 10% of the time is spent on sports activities. I think it’s not enough. After all, health comes first. The school should encourage the students to do more exercise after class. This way, they may be healthier and more energetic. 

 

 

 

 

365bet手机版客户端下图是20071月至20083CPIConsumer Price Index)的变化形势图,请你根据图表写一篇短文,描述CPI的总体发展形势,选取其中至少两个阶段的数据变化进行详细描述(具体数据),并就CPI的变化对人民生活的影响发表你的看法。

参考词汇:

同比 year-on-year, 环比 period-on-period, CPI指数 CPI rate

 

参考范文

As is shown in the chart, the CPI rate is increasing sharply from 2007 to 2008.

Between March and May in 2007, the CPI rate almost remained the same. While from May to August in 2007, the rate had a sharp increase/increased sharply, going up from 3.4% to 6.5. The CPI rate peaked at 8.7% in February, and then it dropped to 8.3% in March, 2008.

It deserves attention that there was a year-on-year growth of 8.3% in March, 2008, while the period-on-period decrease was 0.7%.

CPI reflects what people pay for goods in daily life. I hope the downward trend of CPI will continue. If it continues to rise, it means the prices of goods are still increasing and people are paying more in daily life, which brings them much life pressure.

 

  受某英文报的委托,你最近对高中生的英语阅读兴趣做了一次调查。请根据以下信息,用英语为该报写一篇100词左右的短文。短文的标题及首句已为你写好。

调查内容:在资讯、故事、科普、学习方法四种英文文章中,学生最喜欢哪一种

调查范围:湖北省的10所中学

调查对象:高中生

调查人数:1200

调查方式:访谈

调查结果:(见下图)

2006高考英语作文湖北卷

    参考范文

Reading Interests of SeniorSchool Students

Recently a survey has been done to find out the reading interests of senior middle school students. In this survey, one thousand senior middle school students from ten schools in HubeiProvince were interviewed. They were asked which they liked reading most among the four categories of English articles: news, stories, popular science articles and articles about learning methods.

The survey shows that more than half of the students like to read news most. Twenty-six percent of the students say that English stories are their favorite. Only seven percent of the students are most interested in reading articles about learning methods. However, the number of students who enjoy reading popular science articles doubles that those who prefer reading articles about learning methods.

 

上周,大家以谁是你的偶像为题,在2600名学生中进行了一次调查(survey)。以下是调查数据:

偶像(idol)

女生

男生

   

18%

18%

   

25%

11%

影视明星

50%

14%

体育明星

6%

48%

没有偶像

1%

9%

根据以上数据,写一篇短文120字左右的短文,短文包括以下内容:

1.调查时间、调查问题以及调查对象;

2.男女生在以明星为偶像方面的差异;

3父母在男女生偶像中的排序差异;

4.男女生在以伟人为偶像方面的异同;

5.你的偶像及理由。

参考范文:

Who is your idol?

Nowadays teenagers like to be fans of somebody or take somebody as their idols. With the question “who is your idol”, we did a survey among 2,600 students last week.

As the survey shows in the above chart, half of the girls choose film and TV stars as idols, occupying the largest part of the surveyed girls, while 48% of the boys figure sports stars, making up the largest part of the surveyed boys.

As the data shows, “parents” as idols rank second for the girls, but the percentage of boys choosing “great figures” as idols is 18%, which is the same as that of the girls.

As for me, Thomas Edison is my idol because his inventions have greatly changed our life.

 

请根据下面的图表以及中文提示所提供的信息,写一篇报道,简要描述我国近年私人轿车的增长情况以及可能会带来的影响,并简述你的看法。

1.出行方便   2.有助于汽车工业发展  3.污染空气  4.交通事故多

注意:1。词数120左右。 2 开头已给出

私人轿车

 

 

拥有量(万辆)

 

 

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参考范文

As is shown in the chart, the number of private cars has been increasing rapidly in our country in recent years.

In 1990, there were about one million private cars. As time went on, the number of private cars went up to 5 million in 1999. Now there are more than 10 million private cars in China.

As we know, a car is very convenient. We can go to any place more quickly. Besides, the increase of the number of private cars can help car industry to develop faster. However, cars have disadvantages at the same time. More cars may cause more traffic accidents and more air pollution. What’s worse, waste gases can do harm to our health, which is not what we expect.

In my opinion, it’s hard to decide whether it is good or not. But I do hope people will pay enough attention to these problems so that we can enjoy the convenience from car without any worry of environment problems.

 

假如你叫李明, 是一所学校的一名高三学生。高考已经临近,你最近对本年级的100名同学(男女各半)的报考择业志向作了一次调查,请将调查结果(如下图所示),用英语写一份报告给某中学英文报编辑,并简述你的意向。

注意:(1)报告应包括图表所示全部内容(不标明数据,只概述情况);(2)开头已经给出;(3)词数120左右。词汇提示:make a survey 做调查

 

 

%

 

B = Businessman

S = scientist

T = Teacher

D = Doctor

L = Lawyer

 

 

X = Don’t know

 

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参考范文

Dear Editor,

I’m a student of senior three. My name is Li Ming.

I’m writing to tell you the result of my survey about the students’ ideals for future job. The survey was made among 100 students of senior three, 50 boys and 50 girls, who will soon leave school for the coming college entrance examinations. The result of the survey is as follows:

Most of the boys with ambitions hope to become businessmen and scientists. Only a few of them want to be teachers. They think it’s a hard job. It is quite interesting that there is an equal number of boys and girls that want to become doctors. More boys than girls expect to become lawyers. However, there are still some students who are not clear about their future.

As for myself, I’d like to become a teacher, a job needing patience as well imagination and full of challenge.

That’s all about the survey. Thank you.

Liming

你是某校高二学生,今年寒假当上某英文报特约小记者。你就下面内容对一百个城市家庭进行生活现状的问卷调查。请你给该报写一篇题为 “People are enjoying a richer life”的英语稿,报道调查结果,并适当分析其中一个数据所反映的情况。词数不少于120

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参考范文

As we can see from the chart, people’s life has changed greatly in the past five years. Five years ago, only 13 percent of the families had private cars, but now the number has gone up to 38 percent. In 1999, only 16 percent of the families could afford to buy houses, while now 35 percent of them have their own flat. Now more and more people want to broaden their horizon by going abroad for further education. The number has changed from 11 percent in 1999 to 28 percent. compared with number five years ago, which was only 20 percent, now more than 50 percent of the families prefer to spend their holidays traveling. As to study abroad, we can see that people care more about education. They want to improve the quality of their life by learning more.

 

假定下图为某校课改前后不同学科作业量的情况。请写一篇短文,先对图表进行简要分析(不必使用具体数据),然后写一篇作文,谈谈你的看法。字数150左右。

开头已写出,不计入总词数。

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参考范文

Our school has just been put forward information about the amounts of homework for different subjects. As the chart suggests, the amount of homework is surprisingly large, among which the maths comes first, with Chinese ranking second and English in the third place. Furthermore, all the amounts are growing rapidly, which should draw our attention, especially when we are trying to reduce students’ burden of lessons.

As a student, I think students and teachers should keep in mind what we can do to get the students developed with least time. First, teachers can select what is best for the students to exercise. Second, students should be active in their study, always observing and thinking.

In a word, teachers and students both play an important part in reducing students’ burden of lessons.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

最近,上海博物馆宣布免费开放。消息传出,博物馆每天被闻讯涌来的上万名游客挤得近乎“爆棚”。这一现象引发了各方的热烈讨论:博物馆该不该免费开放?下图是某网站进行的一次社会调查,请你根据图示用英语给该网站的英语栏目写一篇短文先容调查结果,并为三种不同的意见拟写各自的理由。

注意: 1. 词数150左右(开头已经给出,不计入总词数);

     2. 可以有适当发挥,以使行文连贯。

Recently a survey entitled “Should museums be free to the public?” was conducted to find out people’s attitude towards this question.

如图所示:as is shown on the chart

          As is shown in the above chart

          As the chart shows

67.9%的人:67.9% of the surveyed people

合理收费:charge reasonably

          offer a reasonable ticket price

分时段: in certain time of the day

in certain periods of the day

different prices for different time

爆棚:make the museum crowded

免费开放:open free for

free entrance/admission / be open free to

老人,小孩和残疾人免费:be free to old people, little children and the disabled

对公众不免费是个简单的方法:Not being free to the public/ providing free tickets is a simple way.

It is a simple way / a good idea to

对特定的人免费开放:be open free to special people

在特定的时间免费开放:be open free in certain periods of the day

博物馆不能清洁和维修:Museums will not have money to have itself cleaned and repaired / keep it cleaned or repaired.

最少的人宁愿免费:the fewest people prefer museums to be free to certain groups of people

博物馆需要钱运转和建设:It needs money to build or run a museum.

不同意完全免费:disagree with complete free to public

disagree that museums should be completely free to the public.

disagree to the proposal to provide completely free service

disagree to the idea of offering free tickets/admission/entrance

参观不收费是好办法:it is a good idea to offer free entrance/admission.

There are three attitudes of people.

People with different attitudes can divide into three groups.

The price should be suitable/affordable for the people who want to visit the museum.

Museums need many people to take care of.

Museums need to hire people to work.

The government should offer a reasonable price to keep orders in museums.

 

 

 

 

参考范文:

Recently a survey entitled “Should museums be free to the public?” was conducted to find out people’s attitude towards this question.

As is shown in the pie chart, people’s opinions are found to vary. 67.9% of the people surveyed believed that museums should be free to the public as they are important places for both education and entertainment. They say that free museum entrance will attract more visitors, which will no doubt contribute to promoting knowledge and culture. The more museums open their doors to the public for free, the more people they will benefit.

14.9% of the people hold the opinion that museums should only be free for certain special groups, such as students, soldiers and the disabled. Besides, the times that entrance is provided free for the groups should be strictly regulated.

However, 17.2% believe that, to keep the museums functioning well, museums should charge visitors an entrance fee. In addition, to attract more visitors, museums should try to figure out visitors’ expectations and offer better service instead of free entrance.



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