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       杨宇学,1987年参加工作,本科学历,中学高级教师;
       现任江苏省苏州实验中学教科室主任、苏州高新区“高中英语名师工作室”领衔人、苏州大学外国语学院实习引导教师、苏州科技大学外国语学院英语系兼职引导教师。
 
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语法:否定表达专题练习
发布时间:2017-09-10 12:34:39  发布人:

牛津英语模块八Unit 1 语法:否定表达专题练习 一、要点归纳: 1. 用not构成的否定句:主语+助动词/ be+not+… He is not back yet. We have ’t forgotten you. You shouldn’t be so silly. You didn’t understand what I said, did you ? I usedn’t to like opera, but now I’m getting interested. 2. 祈使句的否定句:Don’t+动词原形…。 Don’t worry. I’ll look after you. Don’t believe a word he says. 3. 非谓语动词(不定式,分词,动名词)的否定式:把not放在to do; doing; 的前面。 It’s important not to worry. He said he deeply regretted not being able to help. Not knowing what to do, Shelly asked advice of her friend. He reproached me for not having told it to him. 4. not与除谓语以外的其他句子成分连用: Come early, but not before six. It’s working, but not properly. I believe he will succeed, though not without some difficulty. not用在I hope; I believe; I’m afraid; I guess; I suppose; I expect之后,构成省略句。 —Will it snow today ? —I hope not. 5. 用no构成否定句:no+名词(单,复数,不可数)相当于not+ a +名词/ not + any +名词 No machine would work for long if it were not properly lubricated. Take that towel, I have no other. I can walk no farther. There is no knowing what will happen. 6. 某些否定副词或代词:seldom; never; hardly; rarely; little; few; none; nowhere; neither等在句中构成否定句: I can seldom find time for reading. Mirror tells only the facts, never the poetry. None but fools have ever believed it. 7. 否定转移:当think; believe; suppose; imagine等动词引导否定意义的宾语从句时,把从句中的not提到主句这些动词前面,是主句变成否定句: I don’t think she’s at home, but I’ll go and see. I don’t imagine that he’ll enjoy it. 8. 否定式疑问句: Doesn’t she understand ? Haven’t you booked your holiday yet ? 9. 部分否定: I don’t remember all the names. All is not gold that glitters. It is not found everywhere. Not everyone likes this film. It’s not tall and wide. It’s not tall or wide. Not a flower nor a grass will grow in this area. 10. 用否定形式表示肯定的意义: You cannot be too careful. A man can never have too many friends. We cannot emphasize the importance of protecting our eyes too much. 二、用no, none, no one填空: 1. There is __________ telling when he will be back. 2. There were __________ letters for you this morning, I’m afraid. 3. __________ of my friends live near here. 4. I stayed in all evening waiting, but __________ came. 5. A little money is better than __________ at all. 6. I wanted two tickets, but there was __________ left. 7. --Who is in the room ? -- __________. 三、翻译下列句子: 1. David failed to pass the Maths exam. 2. Spare the rod and spoil the child. 3. I doubt the truth of Tom’s words. 4. We will miss the plane if we don’t hurry. 5. These misspellings escaped that secretary’s attention. 6. Tony declined to do what he was told. 7. I lack words with which to express my apologizes. 8. Drought caused failure of crops. 9. There was a world-wide shortage of food. 10. We are in complete ignorance of his plan. 11. Taylor was very far from getting what he wanted. 12. I wish I could be clear of worry. 13. The ticket is free of charge. 14. Helen said she was short of money. 15. Snow is absent in some countries. 16. That’s beyond my understanding. 17. Unless he had arrived at five he could not have caught the air plane. 18. His conduct has always been above suspicion. 19. It’s wrong to think of such things as beneath our notice. 20. We must take measure to protect the crops from insect pests. 21. I’ll put some more on instead of taking it off. 22. Kate told me her mind without reserve. 23. We all succeeded except him. 24. It is abnormal for a man to have six fingers on each hand. 25. This will disqualify him from taking part in the game. 26. What you said was illogical. 27. Every word he said was impossible of belief. 28. Bacteria are invisible to the naked eyes. 29. He stood there, undecided as to what step he should take. 30. He bought two bottles of wine at the duty-free shop. 31. All the problems reminded unsettled. 32. I wonder if you could do me a favor. 33. That’s more than I can do. 34. I went too late to see him. 35. He felt shock rather than anger. 36. Are you for or against the plan? 三.巩固练习 1. —Such a sudden turn in the road is too difficult for the new driver, isn’t it ? —_____. He’s dealt with all kinds of troublesome situations before. A. No, it isn’t B. Yes, it is C. No, he isn’t D. Yes, he is 2. —Aren’t you feeling tired ? A. —______, I am rather. A. Yes B. No C. Not at all D. Never 3. —She isn’t a dancing teacher, is she ? —______. A. Yes, she isn’t B. No, she is C. Yes, she wasn’t D. No, but she was. 4. —Will you go shopping with us this afternoon ? —_____but I’ve got quite a lot of homework to do. A. of course B. I’d like to C. That’s all right D. No, I won’t 5. —If our parents would listen more to us, they would understand us better. —_____. They just expect us to listen. A. I believe not B. No problem C. Good idea D. I can’t agree more 6. —Did you enjoy the trip ? —I’m afraid not. And _____. A. my classmates can’t either. B. my classmates don’t too. C. neither do my classmates D. neither did my classmates 7. Try to retell the story in your own words. ______ afraid to make mistakes. A. Not to be B. Don’t C. No be D. Don’t be 8. There is _________ as they talked of. A. no such a man B. not such man C. no a such man D. no such man 9. —Isn’t tom a student? ______, it is four years since he was a college student. A. yes, he is B. no, he isn’t C. yes, he isn’t D. no, he is 10. — Do you think it’s going to rain over the weekend? —_______. A. I don’t believe B. I don’t believe it C. I believe not so D. I believe not 11. —I don’t like chicken ________ fish. —I don’t like chicken, ______ i like fish very much. A. and, and B. and, but C. or, and D. or, but 12. —Are the two answers correct? —No, ________correct. A. no one is B. both are not C. neither is D. either is not 13. I’m not a student._________. A. nor they are B. neither are they C. nor are they D. neither they are 14. _________ into pop musie. some of them like it but the others don’t like it at all. A. none of the students are B. all the students aren’t C. no one is D. all the students are 15. —Will you go with us tomorrow? —I’m afraid_____. A. no B. not C. can’t D. won’t 16. He pretended__________ me. A. not see B. not seeing C. not to see D. didn’t see 17. I ______think he ______ come this evening. A. /, will not B. don’t, will C. don’t, will not D. do, will not 18. Smoking is harmful to your health. so you__________smoke. A. had not better B. had better not to C. had not better D. had better not 19. They_______go there. A. would like not B. would like not to C. wouldn’t like to D. wouldn’t like 20. He is _______. he can hardly stand up. A. not tired at all B. not a bit tired C. not a little tired D. not at all tired 21. The problem is by no means difficult, ______ students have worked it out. A. few B. little C. quite a few D. only a few 22. — How much water is left in the bottle? —_________. A. nothing B. only little C. no one D. none 23. —How many students are there in the reading-roomy? —__________. A. only few B. no one C. none D. nothing 24. He would rather ________ than _________. A. to die, to give in B. die, give in C. to die, give in D. die, to give in 25. He arranged for me to meet professor wang at the airport, but i failed_______him. A. meet B. meeting C. to meet D. having met 26. Would you give me a hand? the box is _____ heavy. A. too B. so C. hardly D. to much 27. One cannot be too careful. make as __________ mistakes as you can. A. few B. much C. many D. little 28. __________ enough time. we didn’t finish the work. A. Not there being B. There being not C. There not being D. There wasn’t 29. He felt unhappy for _______ to the party. A. not his being invited B. his not being invited C. his being not invited D. his not to be invited



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